Diabetes is a condition where your body doesn’t make enough insulin, makes no insulin at all, or doesn’t respond to insulin properly. To better understand your diabetes, you need to know what insulin is and why your body needs it.
Your cells need sugar for energy. When you eat, some of your food is broken down into glucose (sugar) and enters your bloodstream. Sugar travels in your blood to all of your body’s cells. Insulin is a hormone made by the beta cells in your pancreas. Insulin works like a key to help unlock the cells in your body and lets the sugar in to give you energy. When the sugar moves from the blood into your cells, the amount of sugar in your body goes down.
Understanding diabetes further means knowing the different types of diabetes and their key differences. The two most common types are type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes:
Diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes):
Diabetes is a condition that changes over time, so it’s a good idea to stay on top of it. No matter what type of diabetes you may have, putting together a diabetes care team can be helpful. Click here to learn more.
How type 2 diabetes can change over time
This video outlines the progressive nature of diabetes and reassures patients that change is a normal part of the diabetes journey.